If it is wet and not yours, wear gloves!
|Precaution Type||Protection From||Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)||Example Diagnoses|
Standard & Contact Precautions (a.k.a. Universal Precautions)
This precaution is designed for the care of all patients’ regardless of their diagnosis or presumed infection status.
|All patient’s bodily fluids (Blood, secretions, feces, urine, mucous membranes, open skin tears, lesions, sputum .etc)||Gloves as a minimum. Use mask, gown, face shield as needed depending on the procedure and if there is a potential for fluids to splash, spray or squirt. Also, if there is a chance of your clothes to come in “contact” with contaminated areas which may transfer infectious germs, wear a gown.||M-Multi-drug resistant organisms
This layers on top of Standard Precautions.
|Heavy bacteria and viruses spread by coughing and sneezing. These droplets are heavy and fall to surfaces rapidly, usually falling within 3 feet of the patient.||Follow the Standard/Contact Precautions with the addition of a surgical mask.||S-Streptococcal pharyngitis
Layers on top of the above precautions.
|Hardy and lightweight bacteria and viruses that can be suspended in the air for long periods of time and may be carried for long distances on air currents.||A step above Droplet Precautions with a special mask or N95 respirator. Wear a gown to protect your clothes. The patient, if possible, should be in a room with special air flow ventilation.||My-Measles
Protective or Reverse Precautions
To protect immuno-compromised patients; impaired resistance to infection.
|Protection of the patient from hospital or visitors’ infective agents.||Gloves, Mask and Gowns.||T-Transplant
N-Neutropenia (low neutrophil count)
|*These precaution guidelines and PPE may vary between facilities. As always consult your facility’s policy and Infection Control Manual for the most updated information for your institution.|
Always wash your hands prior to donning and after removing your PPE.